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Caribbean Sea: Introduction

Use your mouse to click on the circles to read more about the effects used to create this map. You can also view a larger image of this map or download its data.

Coastal rakes used as an alternative to graded color coastal vignettes. Rhumb lines are placed under land masses to help promote figure-ground. Various marker symbols were used to decorate the open ocean areas. Hillsigns used to symbolize various categories of physiographic features.
Antique Caribbean map The Caribbean Sea map by David Barnes (2006) illustrating these effects:
  1. hillsigns
  2. coastal rakes
  3. north arrows connecting rhumb lines
  4. ocean art

The first time period examined was the late 1500s to early 1600s. A Caribbean Sea map was created to develop and demonstrate some of the mapping techniques found on maps that were examined from this time period. On the Caribbean Sea map (above), there are a number of cartographic effects drawn from historical maps, including the following.

  • Hillsigns which are used to symbolize physiographic features such as mountain ranges and hills.
  • Coastal rake which is used to symbolize the shoreline areas.
  • Decorative north arrows connected by rhumb lines (lines of constant bearing).
  • Various illustrated map surrounds, including the ocean art, including ships and sea serpents.

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